How to do business in Romania

Legal considerations

The legal framework in Romania is inadequate in a number of areas and often one piece of legislation conflicts with another.

Contact the DIT team at the British Embassy in Bucharest to help find tax and legal advisers before entering into agreements. See the 'Resources' section of this guide for further information.


Standards and technical regulations

Products and packaging should meet EU standards. See:
for more details.

The Romanian Accreditation Association (RENAR) is responsible for most standards in Romania, see:

Labelling for all consumer products must:

  • be in Romanian

  • clearly show the country of origin

  • include the manufacturer’s and the importer’s names

  • have an expiry date and a description of the goods

Different industries might have specific requirements regarding packaging. Contact the DIT team at the British Embassy in Bucharest for advice (See the Resources section of this guide).


Intellectual Property (IP)

Trademarks, designs, patents and copyright are the principal forms of Intellectual Property (IP) protection available to companies and individuals.

Having the right type of intellectual property protection helps you to stop people stealing or copying:

  • the names of your products or brands

  • your inventions

  • the design or look of your products

  • things you write, make or produce

Copyright, patents, designs and trademarks are all types of intellectual property protection. You get some types of protection automatically, others you have to apply for.

IP rights are territorial, that is they only give protection in the countries where they are granted or registered. If you are thinking about trading internationally, then you should consider registering your IP rights in your export markets.

You own intellectual property if you:

  • created it (and it meets the requirements for copyright, a patent or a design)

  • bought intellectual property rights from the creator or a previous owner

  • have a brand that could be a trade mark, e.g. a well-known product name

You usually will not own the intellectual property for something you created as part of your work while you were employed by someone else.

Intellectual property can:

  • have more than one owner

  • belong to people or businesses

  • be sold or transferred

However, IP law – especially for patent protection – is not yet totally harmonised within the EU.

Romania is a party to the 1883 Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and has subscribed to all of its amendments. See:

The Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks (OSIM) has responsibility for IP legislation in Romania. See:

Romania has signed a number of bilateral agreements for protecting industrial property, including with the UK.

For information on obtaining a patent in Romania, you should contact:

The Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks (OSIM)
5 Ion Ghica Street
Sector 3
Bucharest 030044

Tel: +40 21 3060800
Fax: +40 21 3123819


For information on registering your Trademark in Romania, you should contact the EU Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (EUIPO):  

Refer also to the website of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), and the Madrid Protocol for the international registration of marks:

Contact the Intellectual Property Office (IPO), the official UK government body responsible for intellectual property (IP) rights including patents, designs, trademarks and copyright, for further information or advice:

[Source: Department for International Trade (DIT)/ (Aug 2015)]


Tax and customs considerations

The UK and Romania have signed a double taxation convention. The UK Government has a 36-page document “1975 Romania-UK Double Taxation Convention – in force”, available to download at:

Value Added Tax (VAT)

The VAT rate is 24%.

A lower rate of 9% VAT is applied to:

  • pharmaceuticals

  • books

  • newspapers

  • museum fees

  • hotels

  • camping services

  • bread and pastry products

There are also taxes on land, means of transport, the use of public places, advertising and promotion, and construction certificates.

Check with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) regarding VAT refund of business expenses incurred in Romania. See:

Excise duties

Excise duties are levied on specific products including:

  • alcoholic beverages

  • tobacco products

  • perfumes

  • coffee

Rates vary between 1% and 50% and are applied before levying VAT.

The excise rates for cigarettes and alcohol are applied to maximum retail price.

Corporate tax

Romania applies corporate income tax at 16%.

Income tax

Income is taxed at a flat rate of 16%.

Contact the DIT team at the British embassy in Bucharest for more information on other taxes applied to income (see the 'Resources' section of this guide).


The internal market of the European Union (EU) is a single market in which the free movement of goods, services, capital and persons is assured, and in which citizens are free to live, work, study and do business.

Since its creation in 1993, the single market has opened itself more to competition, created jobs, and reduced many trade barriers. The Single Market Act (see: was put forward in two parts, in 2011 and 2012, containing proposals to further exploit the opportunities afforded by the single market, in order to boost employment and improve confidence in European business.

Therefore as a single market allowing the free movement of goods and services, no import duties are applicable.

Weights and measures should be metric, and temperatures given in centigrade.


Romania applies EU customs procedures and principles.

Only companies registered in Romania are authorised to clear consignments through customs. Representative offices are not authorised customs agents.

The Romanian Customs National Authority provides more information on customs procedures. See:

[Source: Department for International Trade (DIT)/ (Aug 2015)]


UK Export Finance

The government can provide finance or credit insurance specifically to support UK exports through UK Export Finance (UKEF) – the UK’s export credit agency. See:

For up-to-date country-specific information on the support available see: UK Export Finance’s country cover policy and indicators at: Details for Romania are available at:

[Source: UK Export Finance/ (July 2016)]


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